The violence forms used by the States in the context of the Baque political conflict throughout the last decades are diverse and plural. That is why the victims caused by these violences are also diverse and plural.

It is a complex task to try to enumerate each of them, since each person that has experienced the consequences of the conflict can offer a various kind of nuances about the violence they have suffered from (which is completely necessary).

Despite this, taking into account the number of deaths, tortures and wounded people by State violence can offer an estimated photograph of the reality:


The number of deaths that the violence carried out by the Spanish and French States has generated is 364.

1. Deaths by States’ agents: 219

2. Deaths by dirty war: 78

  • GAL: 29
  • BVE: 25.
  • Triple A: 8
  • GAE: 5
  • Enforced dissapearances: 4
  • Dirty war (no claimed): 7

3. Deaths by exceptional political measures applied: 63

  • As a consequence of the penitentiary policy: 34
  • As a consequence of the deportation policy: 9
  • As a consequence of the dispersion policy: 16
  • Drivings to suicide: 4

4. Deats by fascists and right-wing extremism atacks: 4

Moreover, it should also be taken into account that at least other 115 people have lost their lives in circumstances related to the basque conflict (armed confrontations, accidents…).

According to the international law, not all these sufferings can be considered as violations of human rights. Nevertheless, in regard to the definitive overcoming of the basque political conflict, it is important to know and consider these sufferings and to make sure they are also part of the legacy, in order to definitively overcome the conflict.

Level of official recognition of the dead victims:

Only 82 victims have been officially recognized, the 22,5% of the total.

  • 35 people out of 219 have been officially recognized as “victims caused by the security forces violence from 1960 to 1978”, by the decree 107/2012, issued by the Basque Government, only the 16%.
  • 43 people out of 78 have been officially recognized as victims of ATE, BVE, GAL or GAE, by the Law 29/2011 (Spanish Government), the Law 32/1999 (regulation issued by the Spanish Government) and the Law 4/2008 (regulation of the Basque Government), only the 75,6%
  • Only 2 out of the 63 people dead as a consequence of the exceptional measures applied to basque citizens has ever been recognized by local administrations.
  • 2 people out of the 4 killed by fascist and right-wing extremism atacks have been recognized by the Spanish Ministry of Internal Affairs as victims of terrorism (29/2011 Law).

In addition, the Spanish State has many times blocked initiaves for recognition and truth seeking:

  • Denial to those who had been accepted as victims of terrorism to equate the compensations previously received.
  • Appeal and dismissal against 16/2015 law passed by Navarra Autonomous Parliament.
  • Mantaining the 9/1968 Official Secrets Law.
  • Null judicial investigations.
  • Decorations and pardons to public agentes that have committed violations of human rights.